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What is my hair type? Getting to know your hair type with expert guidance for effortless elegance

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Discovering the unique characteristics of your hair is a vital first step in ensuring its long-term health and beauty. By understanding what makes your hair special, you'll be better equipped to style and care for it with ease. While there's no one-size-fits-all approach to hair care, this simply means that every hair type has its own set of needs and preferences. Embrace the individuality of your hair and enjoy the journey towards a radiant, healthy mane!

Have no fear! We're here to help you understand your hair type so you can give it the care and attention that it needs. So first, let's dive in and take a look at what different types of hair there are.

4 main types of hair types: Which one is your hair type?

There are two modern systems for identifying the type of hair you have, the L.O.I.S hair typing system and the Andre Walker hair typing system. Both classification systems have their merits, but for this article, we'll be using the Andre Walker hair typing system.

4 main types of hair types: Which one is your hair type?

Originally created by Andre Walker, the personal stylist of Oprah Winfrey, in the 90s as a way to market his line of hair care products, this hair typing system has become widely accepted as the go-to classification system. It splits hair into 4 types: straight hair, wavy hair, curly hair, and kinky/coily hair.

Within these four, there are three subcategories to determine which specific type of hair you have; however, we'll keep things simple and stick to the four main types. For each one, we will look at what its main characteristics are, its structure, and how to best take care of and maintain it.

Before we begin, it is essential to remember that no hair type is superior or inferior to others! Each hair type has its unique qualities and beauty, and we aim to help you recognize your hair type and care for it accordingly with the help of this guide.

Straight hair

Let's dive into the world of straight hair—Types 1A, 1B, and 1C. Picture smooth strands with a sleek shine. We'll unravel the secrets, from structure to care tips, to keep your straight hair looking fab. Ready to make your hair journey effortlessly chic? Let's go!

Straight hair


Straight hair (Types 1A, 1B, and 1C) is the most commonly seen hair type around the world. When properly cared for, this hair type has a smooth texture and a sleek appearance that reflects light, giving it a shiny and glossy finish. Straight hair is characterized by the absence of natural curls or waves and is less prone to frizz when properly taken care of.


Straight hair has a unique structure that gives it a sleek and smooth appearance. Its cuticle is closed and round, which makes the hair less porous and effectively locks out moisture, water, and other products. The round hair shaft and flat-lying cuticles also add to its smooth texture and make it more resistant to damage.

Care and maintenance:

When caring for straight hair, it's best to use gentle, sulfate-free shampoos to avoid stripping your hair of its natural oils and condition your hair regularly to keep it moisturized. If you use styling tools, make sure to choose ones that are suitable for straight hair. Additionally, to protect your hair from the heat, use heat protectants, and for extra moisture, consider deep conditioning treatments once in a while. By following these tips, you can help keep your straight hair healthy and shiny.

Wavy hair

Ready to ride the wave of your gorgeous hair? Types 2A, 2B, and 2C bring the perfect blend of straight and curls. Let's explore the ins and outs, from playful waves to easy care tips. Your wavy adventure starts now!

Wavy hair


Wavy hair (Types 2A, 2B, and 2C) falls between straight and curly hair. It is characterized by having strands that form loose waves or s-shaped waves, maintaining a balance between straight and tightly curled textures. This hair type is often considered to be versatile and can be styled in a variety of ways to suit different preferences and occasions.


Wavy hair is identified by its distinctive s-shaped pattern, with the cuticle often partially raised. A raised cuticle increases the hair’s porosity when compared to straight hair. This structure enables increased absorption of moisture and hair products, which can be an advantage when styling and caring for your hair.

Care and maintenance:

To care for wavy hair, use a gentle, hydrating shampoo to retain moisture. Apply leave-in conditioners or curl enhancers to define waves, and avoid excessive brushing to prevent frizz. It is recommended to allow your hair to air-dry sometimes or use a hair dryer with a good diffuser on low heat when blow-drying for optimal results.

Curly hair

Ready to embrace those fabulous curls? Types 3A, 3B, and 3C bring a whirlwind of texture and volume. Let's dive into the curly world, from gorgeous spirals to expert care tips. Get ready for a curly adventure that's as unique as you are!

Curly hair


Curly hair (Types 3A, 3B, and 3C) exhibits a diverse range of curls, spanning from loose loops to corkscrew curls. It tends to be thicker, full of body, and is more susceptible to frizz. Curly hair can have a lot of volume and a combination of different textures.


The structure of curly hair is characterized by a spiral or ringlet pattern, typically accompanied by a naturally elevated cuticle layer, leading to increased porosity. This leads to the hair being more prone to frizz and necessitates additional moisture to sustain its well-defined shape.

Care and maintenance:

Maintain curly hair by using sulfate-free, moisturizing shampoos to prevent dryness. It is recommended that you only wash your hair once a week because it’s naturally less oily than straighter hair types, but regular deep conditioning will help retain moisture and elasticity. Gently detangle using a wide-tooth comb or fingers and protect your hair at night with a satin or silk scarf, employing the "pineappling" method to protect your hair while sleeping.

Kinky hair (tightly curled)

Welcome to the world of Kinky or Coily hair (Types 4A, 4B, and 4C). These curls are a testament to individuality, featuring tight, coil-like patterns that deserve special care. Embrace the uniqueness, density, and distinct curl formations that define this hair type. Let's dive into tips for nurturing and celebrating the natural beauty of kinky curls!

Kinky hair (tightly curled)


Kinky or Coily hair (Types 4A, 4B, and 4C) showcases tight, coil-like patterns or dense, zigzag formations. This hair type is characterized by its high density and unique curl patterns. Such hair types are distinctive in their appearance, can be both wiry and coarse, and thus require more specific attention when it comes to hair care and styling.


Kinky hair can range from having tightly coiled patterns to even tighter z-angled coils, and it always has high porosity and elevated cuticles. Due to the high porosity and highly-elevated cuticle, this hair type is more susceptible to dryness. Therefore, it is crucial to establish a routine that includes regular moisture treatments to retain the natural curl pattern.

Care and maintenance:

Care for kinky hair is very similar to the tips for curly hair, but perhaps you need to be more careful when looking after your kinky curls. It involves using sulfate-free shampoos and co-washing (conditioner-only washing) as needed. Being naturally dry, regular moisturizing with leave-in conditioners or oils is crucial. Detangle carefully in sections to prevent breakage, and protect hair at night with a satin or silk scarf, employing the "pineappling" method to protect your hair while sleeping.

What are the differences among different hair types?

Ever pondered why hair is as diverse as personalities? Explore the captivating realm of "What are the differences among different hair types?" Uncover the mysteries behind your strands, from textures to behaviors. This insightful journey will empower you to embrace and understand the distinctive beauty of your hair.

Straight hair
Wavy hair
Curly hair
Kinky hair
Curl pattern
Slight waves
Well-defined curls
Tight coils
Smooth and sleek
Soft with moderate body
Coarser with volume
Very coarse and dense
Often lacks volume
Moderate volume
Varies, can be voluminous
Varies, can be voluminous
Low maintenance
Moderate maintenance
High maintenance
High maintenance
Styling options
Easily straightened
Versatile styling options
Varied styling options
Limited styling options
Less prone to frizz
Moderate frizz
Prone to frizz
Prone to frizz
Styling time
Quick styling
Moderate styling time
Longer styling time
Longer styling time
Heat sensitivity
Tends to handle heat well
Moderate heat sensitivity
Sensitive to heat damage
Sensitive to heat damage
Products & styling
May require fewer products
Uses styling products moderately
Requires more styling products
Requires more styling products
Common issues
Lacks natural volume
Potential for frizz
Frizz, dryness, and shrinkage
Shrinkage, tangles, and dryness

How to find out your hair type by hair typing systems?

Determining your hair type using hair typing systems involves identifying specific characteristics such as texture, curl pattern, and porosity. Follow these steps to find out your hair type:

  1. Understand hair typing systems: Familiarize yourself with popular hair typing systems, such as the Andre Walker System, the LOIS System, or the FIA System. These systems categorize hair based on factors like curl pattern, thickness, and texture.

  2. Clean, dry hair: Start with freshly washed and thoroughly dried hair. This ensures an accurate assessment of your natural hair characteristics without the influence of products.

  3. Identify curl pattern: Assess your natural curl pattern, which is often categorized into types from straight (Type 1) to coily or kinky (Type 4). Each category represents a different degree of curliness or waviness.

  4. Evaluate texture: Determine your hair's texture by assessing its thickness. Hair typing systems often categorize texture as fine, medium, or coarse. Fine hair strands are thinner, while coarse strands are thicker.

  5. Consider porosity: Determine your hair's porosity by observing how it absorbs and retains moisture. High porosity hair may absorb moisture quickly but struggle to retain it, while low porosity hair may resist absorbing moisture.

  6. Match characteristics to hair type: Compare your observations to the criteria outlined in the hair typing system you've chosen. This will help you identify the specific category or categories that best describe your hair type.

  7. Experiment and adjust: Keep in mind that hair typing is a general guideline, and individual characteristics may vary. Experiment with different hair care routines and products to find what works best for your unique hair type.

How to choose the right hair dryer for different hair types?

Unlock the secrets to perfect hair styling by choosing the ideal hair dryer for your unique hair type. From sleek and straight to bouncy curls or natural waves, this guide explores the essential considerations, technology features, and attachments needed to make your hair drying experience tailored to your specific needs.

How to choose the right hair dryer for different hair types?

General tips:

  • Technology: Opt for a hair dryer with ceramic or tourmaline technology for even heat distribution and reduced damage across all hair types.

  • Ionic technology: Ionic technology helps minimize frizz and enhance shine for a polished finish.

  • Brand reputation: Consider reputable brands with positive reviews to ensure the quality and longevity of your chosen hair dryer.

By tailoring your selection to your hair type and incorporating the right attachments, you can optimize your styling routine, achieving the desired look while prioritizing the health of your hair. Always remember to follow the manufacturer's guidelines for safe and effective use.

Straight hair

  • Hair dryer: Opt for a lightweight dryer with adjustable heat settings, suitable for quick and efficient drying.

  • Attachment: The concentrator nozzle is a must for achieving a smooth, straight finish. It helps direct airflow precisely for targeted styling.

Coily hair:

  • Hair dryer: Choose a dryer equipped with ionic technology to reduce frizz and promote shine. Multiple heat settings provide flexibility.

  • Attachment: Coily hair benefits greatly from a diffuser attachment. This accessory helps evenly distribute airflow, enhancing natural curls and minimizing frizz for a defined look.

Wavy hair:

  • Hair dryer: Look for a hair dryer that offers multiple speed settings to accommodate varying styling preferences. Adjustable heat settings provide versatility.

  • Attachment: The diffuser attachment is essential for wavy hair, as it encourages the natural wave pattern, creating defined and frizz-free waves.

Kinky hair:

  • Hair dryer: Prioritize a powerful dryer with a cool shot button to set styles. Various heat settings allow for customization based on hair needs.

  • Attachment: Consider a comb attachment or pick attachment to aid in detangling and managing kinky hair, providing ease in styling.

Know your hair to improve your hair

Understanding your hair type is a crucial first step when it comes to hair care and it's easy to overlook this step in hair care but trust us, it's worth it. We encourage you to take the time to get to know your hair type before diving into any online tutorials. We don't want you to take any risks that could potentially damage your hair. Also, it's worth noting your hair type can vary depending on changes in the climate and or environment, so spend some time getting to know your hair, and you won't regret it.

Finally, we want to stress that your hair is beautiful, no matter what type it is. Embrace your natural beauty and treat your hair with the best care possible by using the right hair care products and styling tools. Check out the Laifen Swift Special high-speed hair dryer, which comes with 3 nozzles for every hair type, so you‘ll never be left wanting!

Hair types frequently asked questions

Embark on a quest to unravel the mysteries of hair types with our FAQs. From deciphering what determines your hair type to identifying it based on texture and density, we address common issues and explore how your hair type can evolve over time. Plus, get insights into the best products for your unique locks.

Q1: What determines hair type?

Understanding the factors that contribute to hair type, such as genetics, can provide insights into its texture, thickness, and overall characteristics.

Q2: How can I identify my hair type?

Recognizing your hair type involves assessing its texture (straight, wavy, curly, or kinky), density, and porosity. This knowledge aids in selecting appropriate care routines and products.

Q3: What are the common hair issues for different types?

Each hair type comes with specific challenges, such as frizz, dryness (See how to fix dry hair), or lack of volume. Tailoring your hair care routine to address these issues enhances overall hair health.

Q4: Can hair type change over time?

Factors like age, hormonal changes, and environmental influences can impact hair type. Understanding these dynamics helps adapt your hair care routine to evolving needs.

Q5: Which products work best for my hair type?

Choosing products aligned with your hair type ensures effective care. Whether it's shampoos, conditioners, or styling products, tailoring your selection enhances the health and appearance of your hair.

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